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继难倒谷爱凌的韭菜盒子后,中国这28种传统烹饪手法应该怎么说?

发布人:乐译通中文PC     发布日期:2022-02-25     浏览次数:286次     返回上一页

还记得那个把中英双语都很流利的“青蛙公主”谷爱凌难住的中国小吃韭菜盒子吗?韭菜盒子的正式英文名称是“Fried Chinese Leek Dumplings”。在此表达中,Fried可看作形容词,表示“油炸的,油煎的”。

 

非常有名的肯德基的英文表达中也包含有这个词,即Kentucky Fried ChickenFried一词的动词原形是fry / frai / ,意为“油炸;油煎;油炒”。

 

中国饮食文化博大精深,传统的烹饪手法更是纷繁复杂,常见的二十八种烹饪方法有:炸、爆、烧、炒、溜、煮、汆、涮、蒸、炖、煨、焖、烩、扒、焗、煸、煎、塌、卤、酱、拌、炝、腌、冻、糟、醉、烤、熏。

 

下面,我们就来盘点下这些烹饪方法的英语表达。

 

fry/sauté/stir-fry 

如:炒腊肉 stir-fried smoked pork

炒河粉sautéed/ stir-fried rice noodles    

炒大虾stir-fried prawns

 

deep-fry 

如:炸肉夹茄 fried eggplant with meat stuffing

酥炸鸡胸 deep-fried crispy chicken breast

 

fry/ sauté/ quick-fry

如:火爆腰花sautéed pig kidney

 

酱爆 fry/ sauté in bean sauce  

如:XO酱爆乳鸽脯sautéed pigeon breast in XO sauce

 

葱爆 quick-fry with scallion in ginger sauce  

如:葱爆羊肉quick-fried lamb with scallion in ginger sauce

fried mutton slice with green scallion

 

/// braise 

如:油焖笋 braised bamboo shoots

烩鸡丝 braised chicken shreds with peas

 

红烧 braise with/ in brown sauce 

如:红烧海参 sea cucumbers in brown sauce

红烧肘子 braised pork joint/ pork leg braised in brown sauce 

 

叉烧 grill/ roast pork   

如:四季豆叉烧 roast pork with string beans

蘑菇叉烧 roast pork with mushrooms

 

sauté /quick-frywith thick gravy

如:熘鱼片 fish slices sautéed

醋溜白菜sautéed cabbage in vinegar sauce/ gravy

糟熘鱼片 fish slices with dregs of wine/ in distilled grains sauce

 

grill/ braise 

如:铁扒桂鱼 grilled mandarin fish

德州扒鸡 braised chicken, Dezhou style

 

fry/ pan-fry 

如:盐煎肉 fried pork slices with salted pepper

葱油煎饼fried scallion pancake

 

boil/ poach  

如:煮咸牛肉 boiled corned beef

白斩鸡 boiled chicken

 

instant-boil 

如:涮羊肉instant-boiled mutton slices

 

白灼 scald/ boil 

如:白灼西兰花scalded broccoli

白灼虾boiled prawns

 

炖,煨 braise/ stew

如:冰糖炖雪梨 stewed sweet pear with white fungus

番茄炖牛腩 braised beef brisket with tomato

清炖甲鱼 stewed turtle in clear soup

 

barbecue/ roast/ broil

barbecue指户外烧烤用

roast 是烘,烤,焙(肉等)

broil(在铁架上)烤,焙(肉或鱼)

 

炖菜/砂锅菜/烩菜 casserole  

如:砂锅鱼翅 sharks fin in casserole                       

砂锅狮子头meatballs in earthen-pot

 

clay pot   

如:粉丝虾米杂菜煲 rice noodles vegetables clay pot

 

smoke  

如:家乡熏蹄 home-made pigs trotters

 

steam   

如:蒸肠粉 steamed rice rolls

 

粉蒸 steamed in/with rice flour  

如:米粉蒸肉 steamed pork with rice flour

 

清蒸 steamed (in clear soup) 

如:清蒸鲈鱼 steamed bass